According to Ayurveda, conception takes place due to healthy sperm, healthy ovum and a healthy uterus. For both men and women, reproductive health depends on the health of the shukra dhatu, or reproductive tissue. In women the shukra tissue creates the ovum as part of the monthly cycle, and in men the semen is formed due to sexual stimulation. The shukra tissue itself is created as part of a long chain of metabolic transformations, starting with the digestion of food and including the transformation of food to nutrient fluid, blood, muscle, fat, bone, bone marrow and finally, to shukra tissue. Healthy shukra tissue, then, according to ayurveda, depends on the health of all the other tissues in the body.
The main causes for infertility according to Ayurveda are eating spicy, salty and hot food that increase pitta and destroys shukra (semen), overindulgence in sexual activities that leads to shukra kshaya (loss of semen) it may also cause clibya (impotency), controlling sexual urges for longer duration that results in veeryaavarodha (Obstruction of semen) and leads to decreased libido. In some cases impotency is acquired by birth also.
Ayurvedic treatment for infertility :
** Body Constitution of both the partners are to be evaluated and any blockages are to be cleared and weakness to be tonified.
**Women to stay relaxed as when tensed the fallopian tubes, the blood vessels nourishing the uterus can be constricted, which is not conducive for conceiving.
** Men to avoid alcohol and smoking, reduce poor quality fats in the diet, and increase exercise.
** Yogasanas like Padmasana increases blood flow to the perineum and directs prana (life force) to the lower two chakras that govern sexual functions.
** Ayurvedic herbs such as Gokshura (Tribulis terrestris), Guduchi (Tinosporia cordifolia) and Triphala are very much to clear the blockage Shatavari (Asparagus racemosa) is a rejuvenative tonic for women. Kapikacchu (Mucuna pruriens) is a proven medicine for increasing the sperm and defective sperm formation.